Methods

Aqui obterá uma visão geral de todos os métodos Lovibond®, qual é o procedimento exacto da sua medição de teste e como o teste deve ser realizado correctamente com o respectivo dispositivo de medição. Descrições claras guiam-no passo a passo através de cada método. Os reagentes necessários são listados, bem como possíveis interferências, instruções de calibração e validação ou literatura e muito mais.

Test name Method number Measuring range
M116 0.034 - 5.95 mg/l DBNPA
M3050 50 - 500 mg/l Pt
M3051 10 - 90 mg/l Pt
M3052 70 - 250 mg/l Pt
M3053 0 - 30 mg/l Pt
M3054 30 - 70 mg/l Pt
M268 1.2 - 35 mg/l N

A

Test name Method number Measuring range
Alcalinidade-m HR T M31 5 - 500 mg/l CaCO3
Alcalinidade-m T M30 0 - 200 mg/l CaCO3
0 - 300 mg/l CaCO3
5 - 200 mg/l CaCO3
Alcalinidade-p T M35 5 - 500 mg/l CaCO3
Alkalinity m T M2545 20 - 240 mg/l CaCO3
Aluminium T M3001 0 - 0.5 mg/l Al
Alumínio PP M50 0.01 - 0.25 mg/l Al
Alumínio T M40 0.01 - 0.3 mg/l Al
Alumínio T M2501 0 - 0.3 mg/l Al
Amine M3003 0 - 2 mg/l NH3
Amine T M3002 1.0 - 10 mg/l NH3
Ammonia Nes. L M3007 0.02 - 0.2 mg/l N
Ammonia Nes. L M3008 0.2 - 0.52 mg/l N
Ammonia Nes. L M3009 0.56 - 1.2 mg/l N
Ammonia Nes. L M3010 1.2 - 2.0 mg/l N
Ammonia T M2502 0 - 1 mg/l N
Ammonia T M3004 0 - 0.4 mg/l N
Ammonia T M3005 0 - 1.0 mg/l N
Ammonia T M3006 0 - 10 mg/l N
Ammonia VARIO PP M2503 0 - 0.5 mg/l N
Amónio HR TT M66 1.0 - 50 mg/l N
Amónio LR TT M65 0.02 - 2.5 mg/l N
Amónio PP M62 0.01 - 0.8 mg/l N
Amónio T M60 0.02 - 1 mg/l N
Arsénio M68 0.02 - 0.6 mg/l As

B

Test name Method number Measuring range
Boro T M85 0.1 - 2 mg/l B
Bromine T M2504 0 - 5 mg/l Br2
Bromine T M3011 0.2 - 2.0 mg/l Br2
Bromine T M3012 1.0 - 10 mg/l Br2
Bromine T M3013 0.5 - 6.0 mg/l Br2
Bromo 10 T M78 0.1 - 3 mg/l Br2
Bromo 50 T M79 0.05 - 1 mg/l Br2
Bromo PP M81 0.05 - 4.5 mg/l Br2
Bromo T M80 0.2 - 13 mg/l Br2
0.05 - 13 mg/l Br2

C

Test name Method number Measuring range
CQO HR TT M132 200 - 15000 mg/l CODb)
CQO LMR TT M133 15 - 300 mg/l CODb)
CQO LR TT M130 3 - 150 mg/l CODb)
CQO MR TT M131 20 - 1500 mg/l CODb)
Chlorine D55 T M2509 0.02 - 0.3 mg/l Cl2 *
Chlorine HR (KI) T M2510 10 - 300 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine HR T M2507 0 - 4 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine HR T M3031 2.0 - 10 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine HR T M3032 5.0 - 50 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine HR T M3033 5.0 - 250 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine L M3114 0.1 - 1.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine L M3115 0.1 - 2.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine L M3116 1.0 - 4.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine L M3117 0.02 - 0.3 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine L M3118 0.2 - 4.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine L M3119 0.2 - 0.8 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine L M3120 0.01 - 0.1 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine L M3121 0.02 - 0.2 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine L M3122 0.05 - 0.5 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine L M3123 0.1 - 1.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine LR T M2505 0 - 1 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine MR T M2506 0 - 2 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3014 0.02 - 0.3 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3015 0.02 - 0.5 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3016 0.2 - 0.8 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3017 1.5 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3018 0.1 - 1.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3019 0.1 - 1.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3020 2.0 - 10.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3021 0.1 - 2.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3022 0.2 - 4.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3023 0.5 - 6.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3024 1.0 - 4.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3025 2.0 - 5.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3026 2.0 - 10 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3027 0.5 - 4.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3028 0.1 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3029 0.15 - 2.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3030 1.0 - 5.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3034 0.01 - 0.1 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3035 0.02 - 0.2 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3036 0.05 - 0.5 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine T M3037 0.1 - 1.0 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine VARIO PP M2508 0 - 3.5 mg/l Cl2
Chlorine dioxide T M2511 0.01 - 0.2 mg/l ClO2 **
Chlorine dioxide T M3038 0.19 - 1.9 mg/l ClO2
Chlorine dioxide T M3039 0.04 - 0.57 mg/l ClO2
Chlorine dioxide T M3040 0.38 - 1.52 mg/l ClO2
Chlorine dioxide T M3041 0.25 - 5.0 mg/l ClO2
Chromium L M3042 0.4 - 4.0 mg/l Cr
Chumbo (A) TT M234 0.1 - 5 mg/l Pb
Chumbo (B) TT M235 0.1 - 5 mg/l Pb
Chumbo 10 M232 0.1 - 5 mg/l Pb
Cloreto L (A) M92 0.5 - 20 mg/l Cl-
Cloreto L (B) M91 5.00 - 60 mg/l Cl-
Cloreto T M90 0.5 - 25 mg/l Cl-
Cloreto T M93 5 - 250 mg/l Cl- i)
Cloro 10 T M98 0.1 - 6 mg/l Cl2
Cloro 50 T M99 0.02 - 0.5 mg/l Cl2 a)
Cloro HR (KI) T M105 5 - 200 mg/l Cl2
Cloro HR 10 T M104 0.1 - 10 mg/l Cl2 a)
Cloro HR PP M111 0.1 - 8 mg/l Cl2 a)
Cloro HR T M103 0.1 - 10 mg/l Cl2 a)
Cloro L M101 0.02 - 3 mg/l Cl2 a)
0.02 - 4.0 mg/l Cl2 a)
Cloro MR PP M113 0.02 - 3.5 mg/l Cl2 a)
Cloro PP M110 0.02 - 2 mg/l Cl2 a)
Cloro T M100 0.01 - 6.0 mg/l Cl2 a)
0.1 - 6.0 mg/l Cl2 a)
0.02 - 6.0 mg/l Cl2 a)
Cobre 50 T M149 0.05 - 1 mg/l Cua)
Cobre L M151 0.05 - 4 mg/l Cua)
Cobre PP M153 0.05 - 5 mg/l Cu
Cobre T M150 0.05 - 5 mg/l Cua)
Copper HR T M2518 0 - 5 mg/l Cu
Copper HR T M3062 0 - 4.0 mg/l Cu
Copper LR T M2520 0 - 1 mg/l Cu**
Copper LR T M3061 0 mg/l Cu
Copper VLR T M2517 0 - 1 mg/l Cu
Copper frei HR VARIO PP M2519 0 - 5 mg/l Cu
Copper frei LR VARIO PP M2521 0 - 1 mg/l Cu**
Crómio 50 PP M124 0.005 - 0.5 mg/l Crb)
Crómio PP M125 0.02 - 2 mg/l Crb)
CyA HR T M161 10 - 200 mg/l CyA
CyA T M160 1 - 160 mg/l CyA
10 - 160 mg/l CyA
Cádmio M. TT M87 0.025 - 0.75 mg/l Cd

D

Test name Method number Measuring range
DEHA L M2512 0 - 0.5 mg/l DEHA
DEHA L M3043 0.016 - 0.16 mg/l DEHA
DEHA PP M167 0.02 - 0.5 mg/l DEHA
DEHA T (L) M165 0.02 - 0.5 mg/l DEHA
Dióxido de cloro 50 T M119 0.05 - 1 mg/l ClO2
Dióxido de cloro PP M122 0.04 - 3.8 mg/l ClO2
Dióxido de cloro T M120 0.02 - 11 mg/l ClO2
0.05 - 2.5 mg/l ClO2
Dureza do cálcio 2T M191 20 - 500 mg/l CaCO3
Dureza do cálcio T M190 50 - 900 mg/l CaCO3
Dureza total HR T M201 20 - 500 mg/l CaCO3 i)
Dureza total T M200 2 - 50 mg/l CaCO3

F

Test name Method number Measuring range
Fenóis T M315 0.1 - 5 mg/l C6H5OH
Ferro (TPTZ) PP M223 0.1 - 1.8 mg/l Fe
0.02 - 1.8 mg/l Fe
Ferro 10 T M218 0.05 - 1 mg/l Fe
Ferro 50 T M219 0.01 - 0.5 mg/l Fe
Ferro HR L M227 0.1 - 10 mg/l Fe
Ferro LR L (A) M225 0.03 - 2 mg/l Fe
Ferro LR L (B) M226 0.03 - 2 mg/l Fe
Ferro PP M221 0.01 - 1.5 mg/l Feg)
Ferro PP M222 0.01 - 1.5 mg/l Feg)
0.02 - 3 mg/l Feg)
Ferro T M220 0.1 - 1 mg/l Fe
0.02 - 1 mg/l Fe
Ferro em Mo PP M224 0.01 - 1.8 mg/l Fe
Fluoresceína M510 10 - 400 ppb
Fluoresceína M511 10 - 300 ppb
Fluoreto L M170 0.05 - 2 mg/l F-
Fluoride L M2516 0.2 - 2 mg/l F-
Fluoride T M3048 0 - 1.6 mg/l F-
Formaldeído 10 M. L M175 1.00 - 5.00 mg/l HCHO
Formaldeído 50 M. L M176 0.02 - 1.00 mg/l HCHO
Formaldeído M. TT M177 0.1 - 5 mg/l HCHO
Fosfato HR C M327 1.6 - 13 mg/l Pc)
Fosfato HR L M335 5 - 80 mg/l PO4
Fosfato HR T M321 0.33 - 26.09 mg/l P
0.33 - 26 mg/l P
Fosfato HR TT M322 0.98 - 19.57 mg/l P
1 - 20 mg/l P
Fosfato LR C M328 0.02 - 1.6 mg/l Pc)
0.016 - 1.6 mg/l Pc)
Fosfato LR L M334 0.1 - 10 mg/l PO4
Fosfato LR T M319 0.05 - 4 mg/l P
Fosfato LR T M320 0.02 - 1.3 mg/l P
0.016 - 1.305 mg/l P
Fosfato PP M323 0.02 - 0.8 mg/l P
0.02 - 0.815 mg/l P
Fosfato TT M324 0.02 - 1.6 mg/l P
0.02 - 1.63 mg/l P
0.06 - 5 mg/l P
Fosfato h. TT M325 0.02 - 1.6 mg/l Pb)
Fosfato t. TT M326 0.02 - 1.1 mg/l Pb)
Fosfato tot. HR TT M318 1.5 - 20 mg/l Pb)
Fosfato tot. LR TT M317 0.07 - 3 mg/l Pb)
Fosfonato PP M316 0.2 - 125 mg/l PO4

H

Test name Method number Measuring range
HO 50 T M209 0.01 - 0.5 mg/l H2O2
HO HR L M214 40 - 500 mg/l H2O2
HO HR T M3124 2 - 20 mg/l H2O2
HO LR L M213 1 - 50 mg/l H2O2
HO LR T M3108 0.05 - 0.5 mg/l H2O2
HO LR T M3109 0.1 mg/l H2O2
HO LR T M3110 0.01 mg/l H2O2
HO LR T M3125 10 - 100 mg/l H2O2
HO T M210 0.03 - 1.5 mg/l H2O2
0.03 - 3 mg/l H2O2
Hardness total P M3049 0 - 60 mg/l CaCO3
Hazen 24 M204 10 - 500 mg/l Pt
Hazen 50 M203 10 - 500 mg/l Pt
Hidrazina C M207 0.01 - 0.7 mg/l N2H4 c)
Hidrazina L M206 0.01 - 0.6 mg/l N2H4
5 - 600 µg/l N2H4
Hidrazina P M205 0.05 - 0.5 mg/l N2H4
Hipoclorito de sódio T M212 0.2 - 16 % NaOCl
0.2 - 17 % NaOCl
Hydrazine L M3057 0 - 1.0 mg/l N2H4
Hydrazine L M3058 0 - 0.4 mg/l N2H4
Hydrazine P M3055 0 - 0.5 mg/l N2H4
Hydrazine P M3056 0.02 - 0.2 mg/l N2H4

I

Test name Method number Measuring range
Iodine T M3059 0.4 - 3.6 mg/l I
Iodine T M3060 0.7 - 14 mg/l I
Iodo T M215 0.05 - 3.6 mg/l I
Iron M3047 0.01 - 0.1 mg/l Fe
Iron HR T M2514 1 - 10 mg/l Fe
Iron HR T M3046 1.0 - 10 mg/l Fe
Iron LR T M2513 0.05 - 1 mg/l Fe
Iron LR T M3044 0.02 - 0.3 mg/l Fe
Iron LR T M3045 0.1 - 1.0 mg/l Fe
Iron VARIO PP M2515 0 - 1.8 mg/l Fe

K

Test name Method number Measuring range
KS 4,3T M2540 0.5 - 5 mmol/l KS4.3
K T M20 0.1 - 4 mmol/l KS4.3

M

Test name Method number Measuring range
Manganese LR VARIO PP M2522 0.1 - 0.7 mg/l Mn
Manganese VLR VARIO PP M2523 0.02 - 0.2 mg/l Mn**
Manganês HR PP M243 0.1 - 18 mg/l Mn
Manganês L M245 0.05 - 5 mg/l Mn
Manganês LR PP M242 0.01 - 0.7 mg/l Mn
Manganês T M240 0.2 - 4 mg/l Mn
Matéria sólida suspensa 24 M384 10 - 750 mg/l TSS
Matéria sólida suspensa 50 M383 10 - 750 mg/l TSS
Mn T M3063 0 - 4.0 mg/l Mn
Molibdénio HR L M254 1 - 100 mg/l MoO4
Molibdénio HR PP M252 0.3 - 40 mg/l Mo
Molibdénio LR PP M251 0.03 - 3 mg/l Mo
Molibdénio T M250 0.6 - 50 mg/l MoO4
1 - 30 mg/l MoO4
1 - 50 mg/l MoO4
Molybdate HR T M2524 0 - 100 mg/l MoO4
Molybdate HR T M2525 50 - 500 mg/l MoO4
Molybdate HR T M3065 5.0 - 50 mg/l MoO4
Molybdate HR T M3066 10 - 150 mg/l MoO4
Molybdate L P M3064 0 - 10 mg/l MoO4
Molybdate LR T M2526 0 - 10 mg/l MoO4 **

N

Test name Method number Measuring range
Nitrate T M2528 0 - 1 mg/l N
Nitrate T M3068 0.1 - 1.0 mg/l N
Nitrate T M3069 10 mg/l N
Nitrato LR TT M267 0.5 - 14 mg/l N
Nitrato T M260 0.08 - 1 mg/l N
Nitrato TT M265 1 - 30 mg/l N
Nitrite L M3072 0.001 - 0.02 mg/l N
Nitrite LR T M2529 0 - 0.5 mg/l N
Nitrite LR T M3070 0.05 - 0.5 mg/l N
Nitrite LR T M3071 0.002 - 0.05 mg/l N
Nitrite VARIO PP M2530 0 - 0.3 mg/l N
Nitrito HR TT M276 0.3 - 3 mg/l N
Nitrito LR TT M275 0.03 - 0.6 mg/l N
Nitrito PP M272 0.01 - 0.3 mg/l N
Nitrito T M270 0.01 - 0.5 mg/l N
Níquel 50 L M255 0.02 - 1 mg/l Ni
Níquel L M256 0.2 - 7 mg/l Ni

O

Test name Method number Measuring range
Oxigénio ativo T M290 0.1 - 10 mg/l O2
Oxigénio dissolvido C M292 10 - 800 µg/l O2 c)
10 - 1100 µg/l O2 c)
Oxygen dissolved L M3100 2.0 - 12 mg/l O2
Ozone T M2532 0 - 1 mg/l O3
Ozone T M3073 0.1 - 1.0 mg/l O3
Ozone T M3074 0.01 - 0.1 mg/l O3
Ozone T M3075 0.05 - 0.45 mg/l O3
Ozone T M3076 0 - 0.5 mg/l O3
Ozone in presence of chlorine T M2531 0 - 1 mg/l O3
Ozono 50 T M299 0.02 - 0.5 mg/l O3
Ozono PP M301 0.015 - 2 mg/l O3
Ozono T M300 0.02 - 1 mg/l O3
0.02 - 2 mg/l O3

P

Test name Method number Measuring range
PHMB T M70 2 - 60 mg/l PHMB
PTSA M500 10 - 1000 ppb
PTSA M501 10 - 400 ppb
Phosphate HR T M2537 0 - 80
Phosphate HR T M3093 0 - 40 mg/l P
Phosphate HR T M3095 0 - 100 mg/l P
Phosphate L M3094 0 - 80 mg/l P
Phosphate L M3096 10 - 100 mg/l P
Phosphate L T M3097 0.2 - 2 mg/l PO4
Phosphate LR T M2538 0 - 4
Phosphate LR T M3092 0 - 4.0 mg/l P
Phosphate VARIO PP M2539 0 - 2.5
Potássio T M340 0.7 - 16 mg/l K
pH value L M3086 4.0 - 11
pH value L M3089 6.0
pH value L M3090 8.0 - 9.6
pH value T M2533 5,2 - 6,8 pH
pH value T M2534 6 - 7,6 pH
pH value T M2535 6,5 - 8,4 pH
pH value T M2536 4 - 10 pH
pH value T M3077 1.2 - 2.8
pH value T M3078 2.8 - 4.4
pH value T M3079 3.6
pH value T M3080 4.4 - 6.0
pH value T M3081 5.2 - 6.8
pH value T M3082 6.0 - 7.6
pH value T M3083 6.8 - 8.4
pH value T M3084 7.2 - 8.8
pH value T M3085 8.0 - 9.6
pH value T M3087 1.0 - 2.6
pH value T M3088 7.6 - 9.2
pH value T M3091 7.0 - 8.0

Q

Test name Method number Measuring range
QAC HR T M3099 0 - 200 mg/l QAC
QAC LR T M3098 0 - 20 mg/l QAC

S

Test name Method number Measuring range
SAK 254 nm M344 0.5 - 50 m-1
SAK 436 nm M345 0.5 - 50 m-1
SAK 525 nm M346 0.5 - 50 m-1
SAK 620 nm M347 0.5 - 50 m-1
Selénio M363 0.05 - 1.6 mg/l Se
0.05 - 2 mg/l Se
Silica HR VARIO PP M2542 0 - 100 mg/l SiO2
Silica L M3103 0.1 - 1.0 mg/l SiO2
Silica L M3104 2.5 - 25 mg/l SiO2
Silica L M3105 1.0 - 20 mg/l SiO2
Silica L M3106 0.2 - 1.0 mg/l SiO2
Silica T M2541 0.25 - 4 mg/l SiO2
Silica T M3101 0.4 - 4.0 mg/l SiO2
Silica T M3102 1.0 - 10 mg/l SiO2
Silica VLR PP M349 0.005 - 0.5 mg/l SiO2
Silica VLR T M2543 0 - 1 mg/l SiO2 **
Silicato HR PP M352 1 - 90 mg/l SiO2
1 - 100 mg/l SiO2
Silicato L M353 0.1 - 8 mg/l SiO2
Silicato LR PP M351 0.1 - 1.6 mg/l SiO2
0.05 - 1.6 mg/l SiO2
Silicato T M350 0.05 - 4 mg/l SiO2
Sodium hypochlorite T M2527 2 - 18 % NaOCl
Sodium hypochlorite T M3067 2 - 16 % NaOCl
Sugar M3113 0 - 100
Sulfato HR PP M361 50 - 1000
Sulfato PP M360 5 - 100 mg/l SO4 2-
Sulfato T M355 5 - 100 mg/l SO4 2-
Sulfito 10 T M368 0.1 - 10 mg/l SO3
Sulfito T M370 0.1 - 5 mg/l SO3
0.05 - 4 mg/l SO3
Sulfureto T M365 0.04 - 0.5 mg/l S2-
Sulphide T M3107 0 - 0.5 mg/l S2-
Sulphite T M2544 0.5 - 10 mg/l SO3

T

Test name Method number Measuring range
TN HR 2 TT M284 5 - 140 mg/l Nb) i)
TN HR TT M281 5 - 150 mg/l Nb)
TN LR 2 TT M283 0.5 - 14 mg/l Nb)
TN LR TT M280 0.5 - 25 mg/l Nb)
TOC HR M. TT M381 50 - 800 mg/l TOCb)
TOC LR M. TT M380 5 - 80 mg/l TOCb)
Tensoativos M. (anión.) TT M376 0.05 - 2 mg/l SDSA
Tensoativos M. (catión.) TT M378 0.05 - 1.5 mg/l CTAB
Tensoativos M. (não ión.) TT M377 0.1 - 7.5 mg/l Triton X-100
Triazol PP M388 1 - 16 mg/l Benzotriazole or Toliltriazole
Turvação 24 M386 10 - 1000 FAU
Turvação 50 M385 5 - 500 FAU

U

Test name Method number Measuring range
Ureia T M390 0.1 - 2.5 mg/l Urea
0.1 - 2 mg/l Urea
Ureia T M391 0.2 - 5 mg/l Ureai)

V

Test name Method number Measuring range
Valor pH HR T M332 8.0 - 9.6
Valor pH L M331 6.5 - 8.4
Valor pH LR T M329 5.2 - 6.8
Valor pH T M330 6.5 - 8.4

Z

Test name Method number Measuring range
Zinc HR T M3112 0 mg/l Zn
Zinc LR T M2546 0 - 1 mg/l Zn
Zinc LR T M3111 0 mg/l Zn
Zinco L M405 0.1 - 2.5 mg/l Zn
Zinco T M400 0.02 - 0.5 mg/l Zn
0.02 - 1 mg/l Zn