The principle of photometry

When specific reagents are added, the water sample takes on a degree of coloration that is proportional to the concentration of the parameter being measured. The photometer measures this coloration. When a light beam passes through the coloured sample, energy with a specific wavelength is absorbed by the test substance. The photometer determines the coloration of the sample by measuring the transmission or absorption of light of this wavelength (in other words, monochromatic light). High-quality interference filters precisely limit the wave-length and are a prerequisite for obtaining high precision measurement results. The use of such interference filters is one Lovibond® filter photometers to the quality  standard. The photometer digitally calculates the required concentration and displays the result.